Two dimensional magic squares


Magic features

Read about the magic features of (two dimensional) magic squares.


Most perfect magic solution of each size (order)

Read about the most perfect magic solution of each size (order).


It is not possible to use just one method to create most perfect magic squares for each order. Depending on the order, you have to choose the right method (sometimes there is more than one method available) to create the most perfect magic solution.


Famous magic squares

Read about famous magic squares. I have used the knowledge of famous magic squares to develop new methods to create magic squares.


Sizes (orders)

Read the explanation and learn all about the tricks/methods to create simple or most perfect magic squares for each size (order): 3x3, 4x4, 5x5, 6x6, 7x7, 8x8, 9x9, 10x10, 11x11, 12x12, 13x13, 14x14, 15x15, 16x16, 17x17, 18x18, 19x19, 20x20, 21x21, 22x22, 23x23, 24x24, 25x25, 26x26, 27x27, 28x28, 29x29, 30x30, 31x31 or 32x32


Perfect magic squares

Perfect magic squares are possible for each order is multiple of 4 from 8x8 to infinite. The 'Ot Ottenheim' perfect magic squares have the most tight 'Willem Barink' structure and you can find all digits in sequence. See the perfect magic square